Wednesday, April 3, 2019

Due to a special event taking place in the U.S. Capitol on Wednesday, April 3, 2019, areas regularly included in the tour of the Capitol, such as the Rotunda and National Statuary Hall, will not be available for tours until the conclusion of the event at approximately 12:30 p.m. The Capitol Visitor Center will remain open throughout the day, and guide-led opportunities in the Capitol Visitor Center will be available during the event.

Congress and the Separation of Powers

Congress and the Separation of Powers
Open through September 2018

Why does the U.S. Constitution separate the government into three branches? At the nation’s founding, the Constitution’s framers understood that executive, legislative, and judicial responsibilities differed, and they provided for these distinct functions. They also believed that concentrating authority in one body would result in tyranny. They therefore divided the government into legislative, executive, and judicial branches, so that no single part would become too strong, and empowered each to limit or “check” the powers of the others. This exhibit examines Congress’s unique role and the ways in which it can balance or dynamically shape and challenge the powers of other two branches.