Passion and Deadlock, 1858

Fighting broke out over slavery—on the House floor. The violent slavery disputes among settlers in “Bloody Kansas” provoked passions in Congress. During a late-night House session in 1858, South Carolina’s Laurence Keitt called Pennsylvania’s Galusha Grow a “black Republican puppy.” Grow responded by knocking down Keitt. Suddenly, dozens of members were pushing, punching, and wrestling on the House floor.

The Speaker and the Sergeant at Arms, wielding the clublike Mace, tried to restore order. They failed. The brawl finally ended when one member dramatically snatched his opponent’s wig. Peals of laughter calmed tempers; everyone shook hands and resumed debate. But the incident seemed an ominous sign of troubled times. Representative Alexander Stephens of Georgia concluded, “The Union cannot or will not last long.”

History of Congress and the Capitol

The House 1851-1877

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The Mace of the House of...
Image Caption

The Mace of the House of Representatives symbolizes order and authority

The Mace of the House of Representatives symbolizes order and authority.

The present Mace, created in 1841, replaces the original one that the British destroyed in 1814.

Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives

The Mace of the House of Representatives symbolizes order and authority

The Mace of the House of Representatives symbolizes order and authority.

The present Mace, created in 1841, replaces the original one that the British destroyed in 1814.

Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives

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