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Tobacco was one of the South’s principal products; like cotton, it depended on slave labor.

Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress


Images of the Era: 1789-1815

During its first quarter century, the new United States government had to find its way in the world while attending to the nation’s business. Leaders met with Indian nations and faced often-hostile relations with European powers while coping with conflicts between emerging political parties and working out relationships among the three new branches of government.