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Through two world wars and the Great Depression, the Capitol retained its familiar form.

Through two world wars and the Great Depression, the Capitol retained its familiar form.

Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress

Through two world wars and the Great Depression, the Capitol retained its familiar form.

Images of the Era: 1913-1945

Most Americans greeted the 20th century with optimism. The early decades saw economic growth and the expansion of democracy as women gained the vote. But two world wars, the Great Depression, and the nuclear age later tested such confidence.