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During World War II, the U.S. government interned approximately 110,000 Japanese Americans in camps like Manzanar in California.

Photograph by Dorothea Lange. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.

During World War II, the U.S. government interned approximately 110,000 Japanese Americans in camps like Manzanar in California.

Images of the Era: 1913-1945

Most Americans greeted the 20th century with optimism. The early decades saw economic growth and the expansion of democracy as women gained the vote. But two world wars, the Great Depression, and the nuclear age later tested such confidence.