Continuing Construction

Congress allocated $50,000 in 1803 to build the Capitol’s south wing. President Thomas Jefferson hired the architect-engineer B. Henry Latrobe, who reconfigured the wing’s interior while preserving the exterior design.

Latrobe built the south wing with fireproof masonry vaults. He also used these to rebuild about half of the north wing, which already suffered from rotting timbers and falling plaster. Latrobe constructed a new Senate Chamber and created a new Supreme Court Chamber.

One enduring Jefferson and Latrobe legacy is the use of symbolic sculpture in the Capitol. Sculptors were recruited from Italy. An eagle and statue of Liberty were made for the House Chamber. Giovanni Andrei and Giuseppe Franzoni produced for the Senate figures representing Arts, Commerce, Agriculture, Science, Military Force, and Civil Government.

History of Congress and the Capitol

The Capitol 1789-1815

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Benjamin Henry Latrobe, by Charles...
Image Caption

Benjamin Henry Latrobe, by Charles Willson Peale, ca. 1804

Benjamin Henry Latrobe, by Charles Willson Peale, ca. 1804

White House Historical Association (White House Collection) (445)

Benjamin Henry Latrobe, by Charles Willson Peale, ca. 1804

Benjamin Henry Latrobe, by Charles Willson Peale, ca. 1804

White House Historical Association (White House Collection) (445)

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