Due to a special event, on Wednesday, July 8, there will be no tours of the U.S. Capitol after 11 a.m. Emancipation Hall and Exhibition Hall in the Capitol Visitor Center will be unavailable all day. While reservations prior to 11 a.m. will be honored, same-day passes will not be available. The Capitol Visitor Center will close at noon except for individuals on official business and those going to the House and Senate Galleries.

1792 Federal Fact Finders

Good government depends on good information. To get an accurate understanding of issues, congressional committees investigate. One goal of investigations is to uncover whether government agencies are performing effectively or whether new laws are needed.

The first congressional investigation, in 1792, was in response to news that Shawnee and Miami Indians had destroyed General Arthur St. Clair's army. The House formed a committee of inquiry, which asked for War Department papers. President Washington agreed—cautiously. The inquiry that followed blamed the War and Treasury departments for the defeat. Although the president's supporters prevented the House report from becoming public, the process firmly established the power of Congress to investigate.

"It was due to justice, to truth, and to the national honor, to take effectual measures to investigate the business thoroughly."
— Representative Fisher Ames of Massachusetts, 1792

History of Congress and the Capitol

The House 1789-1815

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This broadside presents an account...
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This broadside presents an account of the greatest Indian military victory in U.S. history

This broadside presents an account of the greatest Indian military victory in U.S. history. A thousand warriors overwhelmed the encampment of General Arthur St. Clair on November 4, 1791. More than 900 of 1,400 soldiers were killed or wounded.

Broadside, Library Collections at The Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, CT

This broadside presents an account of the greatest Indian military victory in U.S. history

This broadside presents an account of the greatest Indian military victory in U.S. history. A thousand warriors overwhelmed the encampment of General Arthur St. Clair on November 4, 1791. More than 900 of 1,400 soldiers were killed or wounded.

Broadside, Library Collections at The Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, CT

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