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Proclaiming Emancipation

On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Designed to weaken the Confederacy, it declared that all persons enslaved in a state, or part of a state, then in rebellion against the United States were and would be forever free. The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, passed by Congress and ratified by the states in 1865, abolished slavery in all the states.

1 Image Abraham Lincoln, lithograph copy of the Emancipation Proclamation,... View All Images
1 Image Letter from Senator Charles Sumner to President Abraham Lincoln,... View All Images