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Pledging Allegiance

Citizens of the United States, diverse in their backgrounds and beliefs, are united by adherence to principles of liberty and justice symbolized by the American flag. A pledge written for an 1892 Columbus Day celebration became the official affirmation of national loyalty in 1942 when Congress included it in flag legislation. In 1943 the Supreme Court upheld a citizen’s right to follow individual conscience and beliefs in choosing whether or not to recite this pledge.

1 Image Letter from Billy Gobitas to Minersville, Pennsylvania, school... View All Images
1 Image H. J. Res. 243, Joint Resolution to amend the pledge of allegiance to... View All Images
1 Image "Old Glory," K. R. Thompson, 1968 View All Images
1 Image “Georgieanna Higgins, ‘Betsy Ross of the Capitol’” March 2, 1937 View All Images