U.S. Capitol Visitor Center

Welcome to the U.S. Capitol

Bleeding Kansas

The issue of slavery became more volatile as the nation expanded to western territories during the 19th century. In 1854 Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, repealing the Missouri Compromise, which had set a boundary between free and slave territories. The act supported popular sovereignty by allowing residents of new territories to decide whether to permit or prohibit slavery. The result was bloody conflict as pro- and anti-slavery forces flocked to Kansas to determine its future.

1 Image Petition from citizens of Pennsylvania against slavery in the... View All Images
1 Image “Union is Strength: Free State Convention!” Kansas Free State Print,... View All Images
1 Image “Liberty, The Fair Maid of Kansas, in the Hands of the Border... View All Images