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The War of 1812

In 1812 Congress exercised for the first time its constitutional power to declare war. Provoked by Britain’s refusal to respect the neutrality of United States merchant vessels during Britain’s war with France, Congress declared war against Great Britain. British superiority at sea—already evident in its seizure of American ships and impressment of sailors—gave it military advantages. Awakened to the need for greater sea power, Congress acted to provide and maintain a stronger navy.

2 Images House Declaration of War, June 4, 1812, with Senate Amendments, June... View All Images
1 Image List of U.S. Navy vessels in service and lost, 1812 View All Images