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The Compromise of 1850

Sectional disputes intensified as Congress considered the issue of slavery in the western territories acquired by the Mexican War. Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky attempted to diffuse the controversy by offering resolutions on slavery and western land. The Senate debated Clay’s proposals for seven months. When Clay’s proposal failed, Congress repackaged the proposal into a series of bills known as the Compromise of 1850. Key provisions included California’s admission as a free state, a stricter Fugitive Slave Act, and a ban on slave trading in Washington, D.C.

2 Images Senate report of the Committee of Thirteen offering Henry Clay's... View All Images
1 Image S. 225, Omnibus Bill and amendments relating to slavery in the... View All Images
1 Image Senator Henry Clay’s Speech to the Senate on the Compromise Report,... View All Images