Exhibit Theme

Creating Land-Grant Colleges

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Roll call for a vote on the...
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Roll call for a vote on the Morrill Act, U.S. Senate, June 10, 1862

The 37th Congress (1861–1863) passed the Morrill Land-Grant Act after members from 11 Southern states withdrew. Southerners had resisted the increased role of the federal government in providing a funding basis for state education. Sparsely settled Western states opposed the legislation because it allotted grants on the basis of population as reflected in congressional representation.

Records of the U.S. Senate, National Archives and Records Administration