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The Tennessee Valley Authority

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), a federal public power provider, was born of persistent effort by Senator George Norris of Nebraska. Norris introduced legislation in 1926 that became the focus of prolonged congressional debate, especially over whether federal hydroelectric and munitions plants in Muscle Shoals, Alabama—built during World War I—should be privatized or part of expanded federal development. In 1933 Congress established the TVA as a federal entity. TVA-generated power proved crucial in home front defense production in World War II.

1 Image Power to Win: Ten Years of TVA, poster, 1945 View All Images
1 Image Senator George W. Norris at Norris Dam, 1942 View All Images
1 Image “One of the small homes at Norris, Tenn.,” Tennessee Valley Authority... View All Images
1 Image Electric phosphate-smelting furnace in a TVA chemical plant, Muscle... View All Images