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The Jay Treaty

In 1794 the U.S. government sent Chief Justice John Jay as envoy to Great Britain to negotiate a resolution to the growing conflicts regarding the British Navy’s seizure of U.S. ships, Americans’ debts to Britain, and Britain’s continued military presence in the northwest. The treaty Jay negotiated avoided war but delivered only a British promise to leave the northwest. The Senate narrowly approved the Jay Treaty in 1795, amidst protests that led to the nation’s first political parties—the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans.

1 Image President George Washington's nomination of John Jay as Envoy... View All Images
4 Images Letter from Senator Alexander Martin to Representative William... View All Images
8 Images James Madison's working copy of the Jay Treaty, November 19, 1794 View All Images
1 Image Senate roll call on the Jay Treaty, June 24, 1795 View All Images