Exhibit Theme

The First Treaty with China

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Treaty of Wangxia (Treaty of Peace...
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Treaty of Wangxia (Treaty of Peace, Amity, and Commerce between the United States and China), July 3, 1844

On July 3, 1844, Commissioner Caleb Cushing and his Chinese counterpart, Qiying, signed the Treaty of Wangxia, adding their official seals. In exchange for U.S. assistance in suppressing the opium trade, China opened five ports to U.S. merchants, granted legal rights and protections to American citizens, established tariffs, and awarded the U.S. most-favored-nation status.

General Records of the U.S. Government, National Archives and Records Administration