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The Freedmen's Bureau - 1

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Diary of Samuel Denham Barnes,...
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Diary of Samuel Denham Barnes, December 10th, 1865 Entry

Under the auspices of the War Department, the Freedmen’s Bureau assigned army officers like Lieutenant Samuel Denham Barnes—Brevet Captain of the 72nd Illinois Infantry Regiment in the Civil War—to organize bureau activities throughout the South. Barnes’s diary describes his experiences in Mississippi, where he worked with formerly enslaved people to establish local schools.

Manuscript Division, Library of Congress