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The Freedmen's Bureau - 1

In 1865 Congress created the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, known as the Freedmen’s Bureau, to address the needs of displaced and formerly enslaved persons. The bureau administered humanitarian, economic, and legal services; supervised labor contracts; and redistributed abandoned lands. Congress re-chartered the Freedmen’s Bureau over President Andrew Johnson’s veto in 1866, but terminated its activities in 1872. African Americans elected to the House who had worked for the Freedmen’s Bureau included John Mercer Langston, Jeremiah Haralson, Josiah Walls, and Robert C. De Large.

1 Image Diary of Samuel Denham Barnes, December 10th, 1865 Entry View All Images
1 Image Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, Circular No. 9,... View All Images
1 Image Wood engraving, "The First Vote,” by Alfred Waud, Harper's... View All Images
1 Image Marriage Certificate of John and Emily Pointer, Kentucky, October 20... View All Images
1 Image "Marriage of a colored soldier at Vicksburg…,” by Alfred R. Waud... View All Images