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The Monitor and the Merrimac - 2

Congress played an active role during the Civil War (1861–1865) through legislation, appropriations, and oversight. In 1861, Congress encouraged development of the ironclad warship the U.S.S. Monitor. Designed by Swedish-American engineer John Ericsson, it was tested in an epic encounter with the Merrimac, a Union ship the Confederates had captured, fitted with iron armor, and renamed the C.S.S. Virginia. Their March 9, 1862 battle at Hampton Roads, Virginia—the world’s first between steam-powered ironclads—revolutionized naval warfare.

1 Image Color lithograph, Battle Between the Monitor and Merrimac, Kurtz and... View All Images
1 Image “The Civil War in America­—Naval engagement in Hampton Roads,” by... View All Images
1 Image Sailors on the deck of the U.S.S. Monitor, by James F. Gibson, July 9... View All Images
1 Image Interior of the Merrimac during combat with the Monitor, Le Monde... View All Images