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Creating a National Community

In 1803, the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France, more than doubling the size of the country and adding new populations with diverse languages and cultures. Residents of New Orleans—of French, Spanish, African, Cajun, and Acadian descent—were apprehensive about the transfer of power. As they sought to learn about their new government, President Jefferson gathered data about Indian nations of the northwest, reaching into present-day North and South Dakota.

1 Image Proclamation to the residents of the Province of Louisiana, December... View All Images
4 Images Letter from John Sibley to unnamed recipient, August 15, 1804 View All Images
2 Images Map of "Louisiana" by Samuel Lewis, from New and Elegant... View All Images
2 Images Thomas Jefferson's notes on Indian tribes and populations in... View All Images