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Compromise and Conflict

In the mid-19th century, as the volatile issue of slavery grew increasingly divisive, Congress struggled with legislation to preserve the Union. For example, in 1860 Kentucky Senator John Crittenden proposed a series of resolutions and constitutional amendments aimed at preventing the secession of Southern states. His proposals included the reinstatement of the Missouri Compromise's boundary between free and slave territory at latitude 36'30". Both houses ultimately rejected the Crittenden Compromise, and Congress failed to prevent Southern secession and civil war.

1 Image Petition of 106 members of Union Fire Company No. 1, Lancaster,... View All Images