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Women in the Military: World War II

During World War II, Congress authorized women to serve in auxiliary forces to assist the armed services. Some 150,000 American women joined the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC)—renamed the Women's Army Corps (WAC)—and thousands more enlisted in women's divisions of the Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Marines. They worked in the U.S. and overseas, providing clerical, communications, intelligence, transport, medical, scientific, and other essential military support.

1 Image HR 6293, A bill to establish a Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps, January... View All Images
1 Image Army Recruiting poster, “Nurses Are Needed Now!... ” by Stu L. Savage... View All Images
1 Image Women's Army Corps pamphlet, The WAC, ca. 1944, collection of... View All Images
1 Image Memorandum from Headquarters, U.S. Army, 20 July 1944, collection of... View All Images
2 Images WAC photographs, Planet News Ltd., collection of Edith G. Wells View All Images