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Territorial Hawaii

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Petition against annexation, Women...
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Petition against annexation, Women's Hawaiian Patriotic League of the Hawaiian Islands, September 11, 1897

In 1897, President William McKinley signed a treaty to annex Hawaii and submitted it to the Senate for ratification. Many Native Hawaiians opposed annexation—they swiftly gathered 21,269 signatures of men, women, and children on petitions for delegates to present in Washington, D.C. The Senate rejected the treaty, but five months later Congress annexed Hawaii through a joint resolution.

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We…native Hawaiian women…earnestly protest against the annexation of the…Hawaiian Islands to the…United States of America in any form or shape.

Records of the U.S. Senate, National Archives and Records Administration