“Title IX” of the Education Amendments of 1972, June 23, 1972
Title IX—part of a larger education act passed by Congress in 1972—prohibits sex discrimination in education programs receiving federal funding. It applies to all educational activities with some exemptions for religious and military schools, fraternities and sororities, and youth service organizations. Title IX has helped narrow the gender gap in mathematics, law and science programs, but is most widely credited with increasing opportunities for young women in athletics.
Records of the United States Government, National Archives and Records Administration
The U.S. Constitution states that “The Congress shall have Power…To make all Laws.” The original laws enacted by Congress are preserved at the National Archives. This page highlights some of the most historically significant laws Congress has passed throughout the nation’s history.