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Creating the Panama Canal

Congress was central to creating the Panama Canal, one of the Progressive Era’s furthest-reaching strategic, trade, and technological achievements. In the 1890s Congress investigated potential routes for a canal linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, deeming it essential for commerce and defense. After Congress authorized the purchase of a canal project initiated by France on the Isthmus of Panama, the Senate approved a treaty to acquire the Canal Zone in 1904. Appropriating $375 million for construction, Congress established a commission to oversee the project, which was completed in 1914.

1 Image Profile of the Panama Canal, map by The Americana Company and... View All Images
1 Image Pedro Miguel Locks, photograph by Gordon Panoramic Photo Co.,... View All Images
1 Image Map Showing Line of Proposed Lock Canal with Summit Elevation at... View All Images
1 Image Panama Canal, photograph by Harris & Ewing, 1913 View All Images
1 Image My, My, Such Possibilities, drawing by Clifford Berryman, ca.... View All Images
1 Image Senator John T. Morgan of Alabama, photograph by George Prince... View All Images
1 Image Hearings . . . on New Panama Canal Company, . . . and the... View All Images