Constitution Week - September 17-22

Join the Capitol Visitor Center for Constitution Week. Complete schedule here.

Congress and the Executive Branch: Nominations and Appointments

Senate Vote Tally Sheet for John Goodwin Tower’s Nomination to be Secretary of Defense, March 9, 1989

The Constitution authorizes the president of the United Sates to appoint individuals to executive and judicial offices with the advice and consent of the Senate.

This all-important check upon the president’s power gives the Senate influence over the composition of the executive and judicial branches. Although the Senate has confirmed the vast majority of presidential nominations, its consideration of nominees has produced some notable confrontations between the legislature and the chief executive. This advice-and-consent role is one of the most significant constitutional checks on the presidency.