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The Monitor and the Merrimac - 1

The 37th and 38th Congresses (1861–1865) played an active role during the Civil War through legislation, appropriations, and oversight. In 1861, Congress encouraged development of the ironclad warship. The U.S.S. Monitor, designed by Swedish-American engineer John Ericsson, was tested in an encounter with the Merrimac, a Union ship the Confederates had captured, fitted with iron armor, and renamed the C.S.S. Virginia. Their March 9, 1862 battle at Hampton Roads, Virginia—the world’s first between steam-powered ironclads—revolutionized naval warfare.

1 Image Hand-colored lithograph, “Terrific combat between the ‘Monitor’…... View All Images
1 Image Photograph, U.S.S. Monitor, by James F. Gibson, July 9,1862 View All Images
1 Image Sailors on the deck of the U.S.S. Monitor, by James F. Gibson, July 9... View All Images
1 Image Wood engraving, interior of the Merrimac during combat with the... View All Images