Resolution of the Legislature of Massachusetts proposing amendments to the Constitution of the United States, introduced March 2, 1815
The Hartford Convention submitted to Congress resolutions for seven amendments to the Constitution. They proposed to diminish the influence of slaveholding states in the legislature, limit federal restrictions on foreign trade and shipping, and set stricter conditions for declaring war or holding national office. Both houses of Congress read the resolutions but took no other action on them.
Records of the U.S. Senate, National Archives and Records Administration
The Hartford Convention
New England’s Federalist Party opposed the War of 1812 because of its disastrous impact on the region’s economy. Meeting in Hartford, Connecticut, in December 1814, party delegates secretly debated—and rejected—secession; instead, they drafted constitutional amendments strengthening state controls over commerce and militias. As Congress received the Hartford Convention’s proposals, news arrived of the American victory in New Orleans and the signing of the Treaty of Ghent. The Federalist Party soon waned in power and prominence, leading to the eventual formation of new political parties.
Our nation may yet be great, our union durable. But should this prospect be utterly hopeless, the time will not have been lost, which shall have ripened a general sentiment of the necessity of more mighty efforts to rescue from ruin, at least some portion of our beloved country.
The Proceedings of a Convention of Delegates…Convened at Hartford, in the State of Connecticut, December 15, 1814