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Representative Hamilton Fish of New York, photograph, 1920

Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress

Representative Hamilton Fish of New York, photograph, 1920

Representative Hamilton Fish of New York

Representative Hamilton Fish of New York (1888–1991) volunteered for service in the U.S. Army when World War I began and was commissioned captain of Company K, 15th New York National Guard Regiment (the legendary “Harlem Hellfighters”). After the war, Fish helped organize the American Legion and was elected to Congress in 1920. As the ranking Republican on the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Representative Fish introduced the resolution providing for burial of an Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery and was a strong proponent of the World War Adjusted Compensation Act (Bonus Act). A fervent advocate for non-intervention prior to American entry in World War II, Fish served in Congress until 1945.