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Plains Indians photographs by Adolf F. Muhr, Rinehart Studio, 1898-1899

Portrait of Freckled [Freckle] Face (Hannah Little Bird) (Arapahoe)

Portrait of Henry Wilson and wife (Mojave Apache)

Portrait of Sac [Sauk] Family

Portrait of Nasuteus [Nasuteas] (Kichai woman) (Wichita)

About 36 American Indian nations participated in a congress held in conjunction with the 1898 Omaha fair. Frank A. Rinehart’s assistant Adolf F. Muhr photographed members of the Crow, Sioux, Kiowa, Tonkawa, Pueblo, Wichita, Winnebago, Arapahoe, Mojave Apache and Sac [Sauk] nations.

Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress

Portrait of Freckled [Freckle] Face (Hannah Little Bird) (Arapahoe) Portrait of Henry Wilson and wife (Mojave Apache) Portrait of Sac [Sauk] Family Portrait of Nasuteus [Nasuteas] (Kichai woman) (Wichita)

Copyrighting Creative Works - 2

The U.S. Constitution authorizes Congress to “promote the progress of…useful arts.” In 1790 Congress passed the first Copyright Act protecting creators’ rights to books, maps and other intellectual property. Congress revised the law in the 19th century to centralize copyright deposits and registrations in the Library of Congress. The growing influx of materials—including photographs, films and foreign works—demanded larger quarters for the library to house the materials.