Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole, delegate for Hawaii, photograph by Harris & Ewing, 1914
Delegate Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole of Hawaii served 10 terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, from 1903 until his death in 1923. A progressive on many issues, he endorsed woman suffrage and successfully lobbied for passage of a homesteading bill, aid to education, and other benefits for Hawaiians.
Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
Hawaii’s Second Delegate to Congress
Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole, a Hawaiian prince, was the territory’s second delegate to Congress. Had an American coup not overthrown the monarchy in 1898, he likely would have become king. Instead, like his predecessor Robert W. Wilcox, he worked to better conditions for Hawaiians though legislative action. During his service from 1903 to 1923 in the U.S. House of Representatives, he helped Hawaii transition toward statehood. In 1919 Kalanianaole sponsored the first of many Hawaiian statehood bills. Hawaii became the fiftieth state of the Union in 1959.