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H.J. Res. 1, Joint Resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution extending the right of suffrage to women, May 28, 1919

On May 28, 1919, the House voted 304 to 89 to approve the resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution to grant women suffrage. The Senate followed suit on June 4 with a vote of 56 to 25. The votes met the two-thirds requirement to approve an amendment before sending it to the states for ratification.

Records of the U.S. Senate, National Archives and Records Administration

H.J. Res. 1, Joint Resolution - Image 1 H.J. Res. 1, Joint Resolution - Image 2 H.J. Res. 1, Joint Resolution - Image 3

Women and the Vote

Thousands of women supported the war effort during World War I, from defense industry workers to Red Cross volunteers. Concurrently, women’s rights activists pressed Congress for the right to vote, highlighting women’s patriotism and service during wartime. Congress approved a resolution in 1919 proposing a Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution to grant women suffrage. Following the amendment’s ratification in 1920, women could legally vote in national elections for the first time, though many were still limited in exercising the vote by state laws based on race.

Not only as workers but as voters, the war has called women over the top.

Harriot Stanton Blatch, Mobilizing Woman-Power, 1918