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Hawaiian Bible (New Testament), Ke kauoha hou a ko kakou Haku e ola'I, a Iesu Kristo, 1835, 1st edition

Missionaries translated this Bible and had it bound in goatskin by Hawaiians before the U.S. Exploring Expedition arrived. Used for a sermon aboard the Vincennes while the ship was anchored in Hawaii, it was among the items brought back to Washington, D.C., from expedition travels.

Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress

Ke kauoha hou a ko kakou Haku e ola'I, a Iesu Kristo, 1835, 1st edition Ke kauoha hou a ko kakou Haku e ola'I, a Iesu Kristo, 1835, 1st edition

Extending the Boundaries of Science

The U.S. Exploring Expedition included experts in geology, natural history, botany, horticulture, linguistics, and zoology, as well as visual artists. They collected tens of thousands of specimens, which—along with their scientific illustrations, observations, and data—formed an exhaustive body of information about Pacific islands and peoples. Congress authorized publication of a multi-volume report of the findings, and the expedition’s artifacts and specimens established or enhanced the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution, the U.S. Botanic Garden, and other major research institutions.