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Elizabeth Cady Stanton, photograph by H. Rocher, n.d.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, president of the National Woman Suffrage Association, was one of the organizers of the first women’s rights convention at Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848. She died in 1902, 18 years before women achieved the right to vote.

Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, photograph by H. Rocher, n.d.

The Nineteenth Amendment

The movement to ensure federal voting rights for women began in the 1840s and culminated, after decades of struggle by generations of suffragists, with ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920.  Eclipsed by the Civil War, the woman suffrage effort intensified after the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments were interpreted to apply only to men. Supporters of woman suffrage pursued diverse strategies until Congress passed a resolution for a constitutional amendment in 1919 and the states ratified it the following year.

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.

Nineteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution