In 1790 Congress passed the Residence Act, which authorized a new capital city to be located in a district on the Potomac River, not to exceed ten-square-miles. New federal buildings, including a Capitol, soon began to appear. While many of the entries in the Capitol’s design competition were clumsy and provincial, a few, such as McIntire’s submittal, were quite handsome. While the plan’s Roman-influenced style and impressive size were favorable to George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, its lack of a dome doomed the design.
Maryland Historical Society