A reservation is required for a tour of the U.S. Capitol. Visit the Plan a Visit page for information on how to obtain a reservation.

Breaking Barriers to Racial Equality

Breaking Barriers to Racial Equality

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall…deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Amendment XIV, Constitution of the United States

The end of slavery was only the beginning of a long struggle for racial equality in the United States. Constitutional amendments during Reconstruction and legislation establishing Native American citizenship were important milestones. But there were also setbacks, such as the internment of Japanese Americans in World War II. The civil rights movement led to landmark civil rights legislation in Congress.