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The Senate

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1789-1815 - The Senate

Wed, 2013-04-17 15:38 -- administrator

Taking Shape

As the newly established Senate defined its constitutional role, it continually tested its authority against that of the president and House of Representatives, seeking the proper balance.

Silver Inkstand, 1901

Mon, 2013-04-15 09:39 -- administrator

This inkstand was purchased in 1901 for use by the Presiding Officer of the Senate, whose mahogany desk is shown below. Photographs show Vice President Richard Nixon using the stand and inkwell as late as 1954. The vice president is the President of the Senate.

Second image: Silver Inkwell

Third image: Vice President's desk showing inkstand

Collection of the U.S. Senate

Uncovering Watergate, 1972

Five men were arrested in June 1972 for illegally entering the Democratic National Committee headquarters in Washington’s Watergate building. Republican president Richard Nixon denied any connection between the burglary and his reelection campaign. Yet, suspicions lingered. After Nixon’s landslide victory in November, the Senate appointed a special committee to investigate the matter.

Rights for All Americans, 1964

The question in the summer of 1964 was not whether senators would approve a civil rights bill, but whether they would vote on one. Using classic filibuster techniques (long speeches and procedural delays), opponents of the 1964 Civil Rights Act delayed a vote for 57 days. Ending debate required two-thirds of the Senate—67 senators.

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