ALERT: Dome Restoration Project Necessitates Rotunda Closure April 12 through April 28.
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The first Congress wrote the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. Known as the Bill of Rights, they are part of the bedrock of our national government. The amendments guarantee citizens’ individual rights and liberties. The delegates to the Constitutional Convention had disagreed over the wisdom of naming such rights within the Constitution, but members of the First Congress, fresh from the struggle against monarchy, insisted on limiting the powers of a central government within a republic.