Promoting Public Health
Today's Public Health Service traces its origins to 1798, when Congress established the U. S. Marine Hospital Service. Throughout the years, Congress has expanded its responsibilities to include safeguarding the health of all U.S. citizens. Heading the Public Health Service is the surgeon general. Appointed by the president with the consent of the Senate, the surgeon general educates and informs the public on a variety of health issues such as diet, smoking and disease.