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Congressional Directory, Seating Chart for 37th Congress, Third Session, United States House of Representatives, 1863

Congressional Directory, Seating Chart for 37th Congress, Third Session, United States House of Representatives, 1863

This seating chart from the 37th Congress shows vacant seats left by the absence of House members from the South. For most of the war, a large portion of the chamber—more than 60 desks—remained vacant: a stark reminder of a nation rent asunder.

Publications of the U.S. Government, National Archives and Records Administration